Scottish voters in the 2014 referendum decided to remain part of the UK. But Sturgeon says UK’s complete withdrawal from the EU since early 2021 has changed the region’s political and economic landscape. Scotland’s financial losses in the post-Brexit have made the Scots determined to become independent. In the 2016 referendum, voters across the UK voted in favour of Brexit, but 62% of Scots voted to stay in the EU, and Sturgeon said the Scots were expelled against their will.
Independence campaign starts in early spring 2022
Scotland’s First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has announced that the independence campaign, which was halted due to the Covid-19 pandemic, is set to resume in early spring 2022 if a pandemic allows. She continued in a press conference with his party that I will raise the resumption of the campaign for Scottish independence from the UK next year, and the second referendum will be held in 2023. Sturgeon also told party members that her government would be honest about the challenges posed by the transition to independence and clearly state how it could overcome them. But the Scottish National Party (SNP) believes that Scotland’s economic losses in the post-Brexit forced them to hold an independence referendum.
Scotland is a prosperous European country.
Scotland’s economic losses in the post-Brexit are that an independent Scotland can become a very prosperous country in Europe and fully manage its affairs. Rising inequality due to the dominance of London policies and the mismanagement of the British central government has led to increasing unemployment and reduced economic growth in Scotland.
Scotland’s income is spent on the welfare of the Scots.
Over the last 35 years, the per capita tax paid to the central government by the people of Scotland has been higher than in other parts of the country, and if they become independent, the tax will be levied in Scotland. Exports of food products from Scotland to different parts of the world are increasing every year, and the value of these exports is over 12 billion pounds a year. Other Scottish manufacturing industries also generate around £5 billion a year. Scotland’s economic losses in the post-Brexit period come at a time when the region could become one of the world’s most powerful economies if it becomes independent.
Scotland is rich in financial, human and natural resources.
Scotland’s economic losses in the post-Brexit period put the Scots in a precarious economic situation, with Scotland very rich in diversity of financial, human and natural resources. Many European countries miss these resources. Despite having these facilities and a solid monetary base, the region lags behind many European countries in economic growth. In contrast, they do not have the comparative advantages of Scotland. The reason for this backwardness is that Scotland’s economic power is not yet entirely in the control of the Scottish people themselves.
The policies of the UK government are the cause of Scotland’s backwardness.
Westminster’s system of government has left Scotland behind in recent years, and Scotland’s economic losses in the post-Brexit period are the latest in a series of misguided policies by the UK government. In recent months, as the issue of Scottish independence has become more serious, the UK government has issued several reports opposing it, stressing that Scotland’s secession from the UK would worsen the economic situation and the lives of the people of that region. A positive vote in the next referendum will mean that the Scots can bring the government they want to power to decide on their country.
The importance of Scotland to the UK
Scotland, which forms the northern part of the British Isles, is the second-largest area of the UK after England, bounded on the south by the British mainland, on the east by the North Sea, and on the west and north by the Atlantic and Irish Seas. The region has a population of about 5.5 million people and is of particular strategic importance given the location of the main bases of UK nuclear submarines.
Economic characteristics of Scotland
The economic importance of Scotland to the UK doubled, especially after the discovery of oil and gas resources in the North Sea in the 1970s. This event caused the people of Scotland to pursue independence from the central government more seriously. The Scots believe that Scotland has not yet received a fair share of North Sea oil revenues and that Scotland’s economic losses in the post-Brexit have recently added to the region’s financial woes. The discovery of oil in the North Sea has also made the central government in London more determined to preserve the Scottish area within the current political system.
Maximum Scottish support for independence
According to numerous opinion polls conducted in Scotland in recent years, about 70% of the people in the region support the referendum. However, some favour a more significant transfer of power from London to Edinburgh than complete independence. Suppose a majority of Scots vote in favour of the referendum, the UK’s international reputation will be damaged. The achievement of Scottish independence would also reduce UK’s global influence in various fields.
Independence from the UK was the primary demand of the Scots.
The results of the recent elections in Scotland show that supporters of Scottish independence have the upper hand, and recent polls show that the region’s liberation has become one of the political demands of most people in the area. The leader of the Scottish National Party is now pursuing independence demands with more robust backing. Nicola Sturgeon has repeatedly warned London against creating obstacles to a pre-independence referendum. Scotland’s economic losses in the post-Brexit have made the need for independence a significant order of the region’s people.
The UK government is concerned about Scottish independence.
With the rise of Scotland’s pro-independence motives, London is now more concerned than ever with the separation of this strategic region from the UK, which will weaken the UK in various dimensions, especially its position in the world. Following the Scottish elections, the Scottish National Party and the Scottish Green Party agreed to form a coalition government. They paved a second referendum on the region’s independence from the UK. In the May election, the SNP failed to win a majority in the Scottish Parliament with one less seat. So they thought of forming a coalition with the Scottish Green Party, which agreed to Scotland’s secession from the UK, and intended to make Scotland independent by referendum.
Scotland seeks re-accession to the EU.
In a referendum on the UK leaving the EU, Scottish voters voted in favour with a 62% vs 38% majority, but in the UK, about 52% voted in favour of leaving, and around 48% voted in favour. Scottish nationalists argue that the fate of Scotland should no longer be tied to the UK and the pro-secessionist Conservative government and that the Scottish people should decide their future. These nationalists say that Scottish independence could allow the people of this land to join the EU in the future.
In the five years since the referendum on UK’s withdrawal from the EU, the SNP and the Scottish Green Party has run in the UK Parliamentary and local elections in support of a second referendum. The parties now believe that their victory in gaining a significant majority of Scottish seats in the national and regional parliaments will force officials from both parties to work on their election plans. Numerous polls in recent years show that more Scots are now in favour of independence, which has raised deep concerns among Unionists who believe in Scotland’s continued membership in the UK.